Reversible Hydrogen Electrode kit (cat#013373)

Reversible Hydrogen Electrode (RHE) is the reversible electrode kit, in which the hydrogen gas is generated by electrolysis of strong acid then stored. It makes unnecessary the complicated and dangerous set-up of the hydrogen cylinder and avoids the large volume of hydrogen gas exhaustion, even though it has a good potential stability.

The RHE has a large application field, it can be used in a strong acid solution (<pH 2), such as 0.5 mol/L sulfuric acid, also in a neutral solution, when it is applied with a double junction chamber.

Troubleshooting

 

Manuals are available for download here.

Set up of the electrode

RHEK Reversible hydrogen electrode kit only

RHEK Reversible hydrogen electrode kit can be used without "Double junction chamber" when the electrolyte solution is strong acid (<pH2),
such as 0.5 mol/L sulfuric acid.

Set up for RHE Set the RHE Reversible hydrogen electrode and the counter electrode to the electrochemical cell, which contains the strong acid solution.
"Disposable syringe" is attached to the open end of "Silicone tube". After confirming whether "Tubing clamp" is released, pull the plunger of the syringe to fill the solution in the electrode.
Please check if the liquid level in Silicone tube reaches to the white arrow and there is not any air bubbles in the electrode by looking before closing the tubing clamp.
Set up for RHE Close the tubing clamp, after checking that there is no air bubbles in the electrode. And then, the syringe is detached from the silicone tube.
Set up for RHE Set the potentiostat next to the electrochemical cell. Connect the electrode lead for working electrode (green covering) to the RHE. Please make sure that the leads for reference (white covering) and counter electrodes (red covering) are connected together.
Set up for RHE Electrolysis is done by amperometric i-t technique or chronoamperometric technique during the charge value gets to about two coulombs. In this case, please make sure setting the minus (-) applied potential based on counter electrode. When you use 1.2 mol/L hydrochloric acid as electrolyte solution, the applied potential is set as -3 V and the period of electrolysis would be about 5 minutes.
When you use 0.5 mol/L of sulfuric acid, -3 V of applied voltage, the electrolysis time would be about 9 minutes.
Caution:The current during the electrolysis is possibly above the current limit of your potentiostat. Please check the specifications of your instrument first before the electrolysis. If pH of the solution is over 2. It would take time for electrolysis. In this case, the applied potential should be changed to the negative direction. Do not touch the tubing clamp or the electrode before ending the experiment. Otherwise, you may fail your experiment.
Set up for RHE The electrochemical test is done by connecting the reference electrode lead to the contact pin of RHE.
 

RHEK with Double junction chamber kit

Use this chamber when weak acid, neutral solution, solution containing scum, etc., is used.

Set up for RHE Fill the chamber with a strong acid, such as HCl, HClO4, H2SO4, etc.. The RHE would be similar to Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE) by using 1.2 mol/L Hydrochloric acid as electrolyte solution.
Make sure that there is not air bubbles in the solution, to eliminate the bubbles tap gently the chamber with the finger.
Set up for RHE Fit the "Double junction chamber cap" on the chamber with a counter electrode and hold it by something like test tube stand or voltammetry cell. Do not touch the bottom of the tip of the chamber during the preparation.
Set up for RHE Set the RHE, which was previous preparing with a syringe and tubing clamp setting (see the picture at the left), into the PTFE cap hole. Check if the electrode liquid junction is immersed to the solution.
Set up for RHE Loose the clamp and then pull the plunger of the syringe to take acid solution in the electrode while pushing the electrode down in the chamber securely.
Please confirm the condition whether the solution reaches the position marked by white arrow and there is no air bubbles in the solution.
Set up for RHE Make sure closing tubing clamp. Then, set your potentiostat next to the electrochemical cell. Connect the electrode lead for working electrode (green covering clip) with the contact pin of your RHE. Please make sure connecting your electrode leads for reference (white covering clip) and counter electrodes (red covering clip) with the contact pin of a counter electrode together.
Set up for RHE Electrolysis is done by amperometric i-t technique or chronoamperometric technique during the charge value gets to about two coulombs. In this case, please make sure setting the minus applied potential based on counter electrode. When you use 1.2 mol/L hydrochloric acid (HCl) as electrolyte solution, The applied potential is set as -3 V and the period of electrolysis would be about five minutes.
Caution:The current during the electrolysis is possibly above the current limit of your potentiostat. Please check the specifications of your instrument first before the electrolysis. If pH of the solution is over 2. It would take time for electrolysis. In this case, you should change the applied potential to the negative direction. Never touch the tubing clamp or the electrode before ending the experiment. Otherwise, you may fail your experiment.
Set up for RHE Replace the test tube stand with your electrochemical cell containing test sample. Place the working electrode and counter electrode. And then, connect among your potentiostat and the electrodes to measure your sample.

 

RHE Specifications

Reversible Hydrogen Electrode (cat#13374)
reversible hydrogene electrode spec
Length 85 mm
Diameter Head: 14 mm
Neck: 6 mm
Temperature range 5°C to 60°C
pH range
(using with Double junction chamber)
0 to 2
0 to 9

 

Double junction chamber specifications

Double junction chamber (cat#13376)
reversible hydrogene electrode spec
Length 140 mm
Diameter Head: 12 mm
Neck: 6 mm

 

Reversible hydrogen electrode kit

The Reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) kit can be used without Double junction chamber when strong acid (<pH 2, such as 0.5 mol/L sulfuric acid) is used as an electrolyte solution.

Catalog No. Description Qty Content of the Reversible hydrogen elctrode kit Click for detailed picture.
013373 RHEK Reversible hydrogen electrode kit 1
Content
013374 RHE Reversible hydrogen electrode 1
013378 RHEK accessories kit 1
(content) Tubing clamp 1
Silicone tube (10 cm) 3
O-ring 1
Female lure fitting 1
Disposable syringe 1

 

Double junction chamber kit

The Double junction chamber kit is used when the electrolyte solution is a weak acid, neutral solution, solution containing scum etc.

Catalog No. Description Qty Content of the Double junction chamber kit Click for detailed picture.
013375 Double junction chamber kit 1
Content
013376 Double junction chamber 1
013377 PTFE Cap for double junction chamber 1
002222 Platinum counter electrode 5.7 cm 1
  O-ring 1

 

 

RHEK (Reversible hydrogen electrode kit) was tested for the evaluation, where the stability of the potential in function of the time and temperature was tested and compared with the reference against SHE. Also, the potential difference between RHEK and line up reference electrode was measured.
 

Experimental data on RHEK