IDA Electrodes (Interdigitated Array)

Interdigitated Array (IDA) electrode is an electrode developed for electrochemical measurements to be performed in a very small quantity of the sample. IDA electrode could be applied for the detection and reaction analysis of the compounds in a small quantity of the sample. IDA electrode is a microelectrode pattern fabricated by using the lithography technology. The Electrodes are composed of 65 pairs. In each one of the pair has a function of the oxidation and reduction electrodes.




・High sensitivity CV measurement
・Very small sample quantity for EC measurement                                
・Small and integrated
・Fast response
・Conductivity measurement


Schematic diagram of the electrode


Application example 

・HPLC measurement electrode
・Electrochemical measurement electrode
・Bio-sensor and chemical sensor electrode
・Chemically modified electrode
・Chemical reaction parameter monitoring electrode                             


Expanded diagram of the IDA electrode


CV measurement using Interdigitated Array Electrodes

IDA Electrode is a pair of band electrode combined and meshes with each other as a generator electrode and collector electrode, therefore it is possible to make an electrochemical redox cycle upon the electrode as showed in figure.
By occurring the redox cycle on electrode increasing electrolysis current to raise measurement sensitivity. In experiment using common electrodes to analyze a small quantity of sample solution, the sample will consumed and exhausted due to electrolysis. However using this Interdigitated array electrode, the oxidation-reduction reaction occur repeatedly so the sample solution will not exhausted.

redox-cycling reaction on IDA Electrode Redox cycle
keyword is diffusion and concentration slope

Substance to be oxidized/reduced into the sample solution is transported by diffusion to the electrode surface. Diffusion is the physical phenomenon of the molecular species transport from high to low concentrated region.

Interdigitated 65 pairs of generator/collector electrodes set off electrochemical RedOx cycling continuously as shown in Fig.1. This reaction significantly boosts sensitivity of the electrode. Furthermore, samples are preserved when Dual (Red-Ox) Mode is chosen - Not like as Single Mode eats up samples at measurements.

In single mode, the decrease of current response become very small because of the samples substance consumption due to the electrolysis.
Single mode
Compared with single mode, dual mode measurement has increased in 30 times the current value.